The Bridge to Utopia: die Brücke’s Wild Expressionism

One of the most organized expressionist groups was “die Brücke” (the bridge), which was established in 1905 in Dresden by 4 young artists – Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Erich Heckel, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff and Max Pechstein. The groups name was most likely inspired by the work of F. Nietzche’s (1844-1900) “Thus Spoke Zarathustra” (1882) in which he describes humanity as a bridge, a transition to a higher ideal. As the Brücke members themselves wrote in a letter in which they invited Emile Nolde to join: “One of the main purposes of our group is to gather all the revolutionary and restless elements, as our name suggests”.